East Timor or Timor Leste is a country located in Maritime Southeast Asia and it consists of the eastern half of the island of Timor as well as the nearby islands of Jaco, Atauro, Oecusse and an exclave which is located on the northwestern side of the island. This country is a lower-middle-income economy. Almost half the population of this country is illiterate and about 37.4% people live below the international poverty line. The following is some more information about this country:
The President of the Republic is the head of the state in this country and is elected by a popular vote for a total period of 5 years. The President is responsible for electing the Prime Minister who is the leader of the majority party. The Unicarmel East Timorese Parliament is the National Parliament of this country and its members are elected for a period of 5 years by a popular vote. The number of seats of the Parliament vary between 52 to maximum 65. The country is divided into 13 administrative districts which are then divided into 65 sub districts and 442 villages.
Most of the country is a mountainous region and the highest mountain is Tatamailau. The climate of this island is tropical and ranges between hot and humid. It mostly gets rainy spells and then goes in for a dry period. The main port, the capital and the largest city in this country is Dili whereas the second largest city is called Baucau.
The country has a market economy that depended mainly upon the exports of coffee, oil, marble and sandalwood. The country’s economy grew by about 10% in 2011 and then at a similar rate in 2012 as well. The country now has reserves from offshore oil and gas reserves but very little of this goes into development of villages which still are relied on farming. Most of the population lives under poverty line.
Languages and Culture
The two official languages of East Timor are Portuguese and Tetum. When the country was under Indonesian rule, then at that time the use or Portuguese was banned but this language was again adopted after the country’s independence in 2002. Many different kinds of cultural influences can be seen in the country which are now a mix of Indonesian, Roman Catholic and Portuguese. Even Melanesian and Austranesian cultures are followed.